With the increased production of iOS devices every year, the success of Apple is higher than ever before. On the other hand, massive companies like SMEs find it not practical to acquire every piece of iOS devices with different OS versions.
In simple terms, testing apps or games manually is not an ideal option for QA process anymore. And this is all due to low efficiency and scalability issue.
Although iOS is still a closed operating system compared to Android, many open source test automation frameworks and tools are utilized to build robust automated tests.
With the help of a cloud testing, it enables developers and testers to verify app quality more efficient in a better way. Hence, it makes iOS testing tasks easier.
In this article, it reveals the best iOS testing frameworks that give you a basic understanding of getting started with the iOS testing.
XCTEST / XCUITEST
These two are the primary test automation frameworks for iOS app testing.
XCTest allows developers to write tests for components at any level while providing the framework for UI testing capabilities. It grouped tests into subclasses of XCTest Case.
XCUITest, on the other hand, is a functional testing tool. It computerizes tests of common workflows, demo sequences, and behavior of customer views.
The framework comes with XCUITest Recorder. It is a tool for recording the first steps of the automated test.
To find the elements, their properties and navigating through the element tree of the application. Developers can also make use of its interface builder.
Calabash is another excellent cross-platform framework that works perfectly for Android and iOS apps. One of the prominent differences to other structures is that Calabash tests recorded in Cucumber.
In other words, it means the test is written like a specification which is simple and easy to read even for common people. However, it still executable by the automation system.
Appium is popular due to its flexibility and usability on both Android and iOS. Furthermore, it works on native, hybrid, and web applications.
When it comes to iOS testing, it uses “JSONWireProtocol” to keep with iOS applications using Selenium WebDriver.
With its feature, Appium does support mobile web testing. This makes it as if Selenium would be used for web testing.
EarlGrey is a tool that parallel to Espresso. The only difference is the tool was developed by Google.
Google uses this test framework to test many iOS native apps including YouTube, Google Calendar, etc. As for the codes, plenty of similarities found between Espresso and EarlGrey.
For example, EarlGrey tests will automatically wait for events like animations or network requests before trying to interact with the UI.
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